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General considerations

This document provides formatting guidelines for the publication of papers written in English in Transatlantica, an online journal of American studies. Examples are shown in grey. For articles written in French, please refer to the French version of the stylesheet : feuille de style.

Articles for Transatlantica should include the following items:

- title
- author, position, affiliation (university), email
- abstract
- résumé (in French)
- keywords
- mots clés
- outline
- body text
- references
- biographical information

Margins are set to 2,5 cm on all sides throughout.

Paragraphs are separated by a single blank line. They should not be indented.

Body text is 12-pt font size, single-spaced and justified.

Headings are 14-pt font size, bold face, flush left, separated from the body text by a single blank line.

Subheadings are 12-pt font size, bold face, flush left, separated from the body text by a single blank line.

Please do not use personal formatting styles.


Short quotations (up to three lines) are enclosed in the body text using double quotation marks (“…”). Single quotation marks (‘…’) are used for quotes within quotes. The addition or omission of words should be indicated within square brackets (not ellipses).

As Frith put it, “far from being ‘counter-cultural’, rock articulated the reconciliation of rebelliousness and capital.”

Nonetheless, for the first time in her life, Lucille was self-confident, and after talking to some experts and to Herb Sollow in particular, who told her that, “if [she] want[ed] Desilu to be a major player in the television business, [she] ha[d] got to do it,”1 she took the risk.

While such patrons were collectors, they were not necessarily scholars; as Alan Wallach has pointed out, they were accused by contemporaries of knowing “more about pork barrels and molasses than […] about art.”

Long quotations (over 3 lines) should be set off as 10-pt block quotations, separated from the body text by a single blank line, without quotation marks or indentation. Punctuation marks must be placed before the in-text reference given between brackets.

Obviously, no one organization in government, industry or academia could undertake such a project. Like the World Wide Web, it would require the grassroots efforts of hundreds of thousands of individuals, companies, university researchers, and government organizations. […] It could also become a “collaboratory”—a laboratory without walls—for research scientists seeking to understand the complex interaction between humanity and our environment. (Gore, 1998)


Works cited in the text and notes should all be listed in full in the bibliography. In-text source information is provided in parentheses immediately following the quotation (author, year of publication, page number or numbers).

The scene thus appears like an intertextual patchwork which constantly brings the spectator/reader back to its literary sources without making them “swerve” (Bloom, 1997, 14).

If the article or paragraph focuses on one single author or work, as in a book review, for example, any redundant information may be omitted and the page numbers might be sufficient.

“In their attempts to understand, interpret, and sell their discovery of the Western Hemisphere, they were the first to adopt the concept of American exceptionalism” (13).

If you cite more than one work by a particular author written the same year, include a letter to distinguish it from the others.

During a speech given on February 24th Chairman Genachowski clearly said that mobile holds more promise for innovation than any other area of broadband (Genachowski, 2010b)


Footnotes (not endnotes) are used for substantive comments rather than citation of sources. Footnotes are indicated in-text by superscript Arabic numbers after the punctuation of the phrase to which the note refers.

One essential feature of contemporary American writing, according to Patrick O’Donnell, is that “no matter how ‘realistic’ or ‘metafictional’ the work may be, on some level, it is attentive to and reflective about its status as a construction of language”.4

Typographical information

Capital letters

Use capital letters for the first and last word of a title, and every significant word in between (verbs, nouns, pronouns, most adverbs, and adjectives).


Use italics for foreign words and phrases. All titles must be in italics.

a priori

Italics can also be used to create emphasis. If the words you emphasize are part of a quotation, indicate that the emphasis is yours.

Be careful to italicize only the words you wish to italicize and the spaces between them, and NOT the preceding or following spaces as they would appear on screen as a lack of space. The same goes for the use of bold, underlined or superscripted text.


Roman numerals in capital letters are used for political systems and main parts of books (e.g. volume numbers)

vol. IV, act I

Roman numerals in small capital letters are used for centuries and secondary parts of books (chapters, scenes, introduction)

xixth century
introduction, vii-xix


We use American style punctuation.
Single spaces are used after most punctuation marks (period, comma, semi colon, exclamation mark, question mark, colon) but not before them.

There are no spaces within double inverted comas (which must be curly quotes not straight ones), brackets, and square brackets.
When punctuating around quotation marks, periods and commas are placed before ending quotation marks whereas question marks and exclamation marks are placed before ending quotation marks only when they are part of the quoted material.

Hyphens are used to connect words or syllables, or to divide words into parts. You don’t use a space on either side of a hyphen.

Em dashes (—) can be used to indicate a summarizing thought or an afterthought. There are no spaces before or after the em dashes.

In 2000 the USA had an estimated two-fifths of all passenger cars in the world, over two hundred and twenty one million registered motor vehicles (more vehicles than licensed drivers)—with figures rising yearly by the millions—and a lot fewer horses.

Use hard spaces (Ctrl + Shift + Space) for elements that should not be separated.



There shouldn’t be periods after titles.


Acronyms should be written in capital letters, without spaces or periods.


Figures and images

The preferred format for images is jpeg. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission for the use of copyrighted material.


Entries in the bibliography correspond to the works cited in your main text. The different elements which make up the entry are separated by commas. Do not skip spaces between entries. For web publications, include the URL and the date you accessed the material. Page numbers are elided: e.g. 4–7, 8–13, 16–18, 34–76, 136–42. The rules illustrated by the following examples apply to all references, without regard to the language in which the publication is written.

Derby, Matthew, Super Flat Times, Boston, Little Brown and Company, 2003.

JACKSON, Shelley, “Stitch Bitch : the patchwork girl,” (last accessed on January 13th, 2011).

Kristeva, Julia, Powers of Horror: An Essay on Abjection (1980), translated from French by Leon S. Roudiez, New York, Columbia University Press, 1982.

LABAREE, Leonard et al., ed., The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, New Haven (CT), Yale University Press, 1964.

LEE, Anthony W. and John PULTZ, Diane Arbus: Family Albums, New Haven (CT), Yale University Press, 2003.

McCOY, Horace, No Pockets in a Shroud, New York, Midnight Classics, 1998 [1937].

RAFFEL, Dawn, In the Year of Long Division, New York, Knopf, 1994.

---, Carrying the Body, New York, Scribner, 2002.

Vernon, Peter, “Ben Marcus, The Age of Wire and String” in The Yearbook of English Studies, vol. 31, Maney Publishing, 2001, 118-24.


The use of spell-check (included in most word processors) is encouraged as it helps remove most typos. However be careful as grammar-check is not always accurate.

Please make sure that there are no double spaces in your text thanks to the « Find and Replace » tool.


Questions and remarks can be sent to Marion Pulce (

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